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Breezin’ Through The RepentBible, #17A – The Fall of Jerusalem

February 12, 2014

Kings of Judah After the Fall of Israel

Hezekiah (715-687 BC)

Manasseh (687-642 BC)

Amon (642-640 BC)

Josiah (640-609 BC)

Jehoahaz (609 BC)

Jehoiakim (609-598 BC)

Jehoiachin (598-597 BC)

Zedekiah (597-586 BC)

The fall of Jerusalem and exile – (586-538 BC)

The fall of Judah was 150 years after the fall of Israel, following a series of good and bad kings. The story continues in 2nd Chronicles. The writers emphasize the view that the calamities striking he nations were the outcome of the nation’s sins and according to God’s plan.

Hezekiah did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, and the Lord was with him. Sennacharib, the king of Assyria sent a large army to take Jerusalem. Hezekiah prayed and consulted with the prophet Isaiah. The people prayed and fasted. In the night the three divisions of armies encamped beneath the hill of Jerusalem. They fought and killed each other. In the morning 185,000 were dead. God had protected the city.

Manasseh, son of Hezekiah reigned in Jerusalem 55 years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, supporting detestable religious practices and brutally oppressing his people.The Lord warned Manasseh through his prophets, but Manasseh paid no attention. Then Manasseh was taken prisoner by the king of Assyria, and let to Assyria with bronze shackles and a hook in his nose. Repenting, Manasseh sought the favor of God, and God was so moved he brought Manasseh back to Jerusalem.

Following Manasseh’s death, his son Amon became king of Judah. Amon ruled for 2 years, doing evil in the eyes of the Lord. He was assassinated in his palace. Then the people made his 8 year old son, Josiah, king. Josiah led the people in a time for spiritual renewal for 31 years, finding the book of Moses, following the laws, and rebuilding the temple. He was killed in battle.

Josiah’s son, Jehoiakim was a pathetic ruler, lasting 11 years. During his rule, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, invaded the land demanding tribute. When Jehoiakim rebelled, Nebuchadnezzar sent troops, capturing the king and taking the people to Babylon. There they were held captive. God allowed the powerful king of Babylon to crush Jerusalem.

Jehoiachin, age 18 ruled for 3 months. Then Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem, taking the king and many people to Babylon and neighboring cities. This period was known as the Diaspora, the dispersion. The people began to realize the Kingdom of God was not a place on earth, for he had permitted their temple and city to be destroyed. Why had God let this happen.

Zedekiah was 21 years old when he became king. He was Jeroiachin’s Uncle Mattaniah whose name was changed by Nebuchadnezzar. Jerusalem was crushed and more people were exiled. They killed his sons before his eyes and then put out his eyes. So Judah went into captivity, away from the promised land.

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